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奥 聡 / OKU Satoshi

奥 聡
職 名:
教授
専 攻:
国際広報メディア専攻
担当分野:
言語習得論

担当授業

言語研究方法論演習

授業内容

ことばを操る脳内の仕組みは?研究の基本的概念方法論を概説。

What do we know when we know (have, speak) a language? How can we acquire such knowledge of language? How can we reveal properties of knowledge of language and the language acquisition? These are some of the most important questions in linguistics; a scientific study of language. People often believe that the answers to these questions are easy. You would say, for instance, “we just know words of a language we speak: that why we can speak the language,” “we learn our language from my parents,” or “we can study properties of language by careful observation of actually used sentences.” The recent development of linguistics, however, has convincingly shown that these “common sense” answers are all wrong. Our knowledge of language and its acquisition process is way more sophisticated than you might imagine.
The aim of this course is to introduce the basic methodology and principles of linguistics, by studying structural aspects of human languages. We focus on the following four fields of linguistics: morphology (study of the structure of words), phonology (study of sound structure), syntax (study of sentence structure), and semantics (study of meaning and denotation). The students will become familiar with the basic methodology and concepts of linguistic study, and understand what we really have in our mind/brain.
This course has two other practical purposes as well. First, the students will have specific training of thinking logically that is essential in any academic research. Second, the students will have substantial practical training in oral presentation and discussion in English.

経 歴

1998年Ph.D (言語学:University of Connecticut) / (1) 「統語、情報構造、一般認知」(単著)(2010)長谷川信子[編]『日本語研究と言語理論―命題を超えて-』(仮題)(開拓社、東京)第7章pp.227-267 / (2) 「生成文法の統語論―原理とパラメータのアプローチ―」(単著)(2004)中井悟・上田雅信[編]『生成文法を学ぶ人のために』(世界思想社、京都)第3章 pp.86-132 / (3) “A Minimalist Theory of LF Copy”(単著)(2001) in The Minimalist Parameter. The Series Current Issues in Linguistic Theory. 282-294. John Benjamin, Amsterdam. / (4) “Definite and Indefinite Strict Identity in VP-Ellipsis”(単著)2000年 in Schwabe, Kerstin and Ning Zhang (eds.) Ellipsis in Conjunction (Linguistische Arbeiten, 418). 179-194. Max Niemeyer Verlag, Tübingen, Germany. / (5) 再帰代名詞クリティックの諸相(書評:藤田健『ロマンス語再帰代名詞の研究:クリティックとしての統語的特性』(北海道大学出版会))(単著) 2011. 『北海道言語文化研究』 / (6) Interface Economy – A Note on Markedness and Computation. (単著)(to appear) Formal Approach to Japanese Linguistics 5, (MITWPL) / (7) “Minimalism and Information Structure: A Case of Ellipsis in Japanese,”(単著)2009 Proceedings of WAFL 5, pp. 257-269, published and distributed by MITWPL.

所属学会

日本言語学会、アメリカ言語学会、日本英語学会

電子メール

satoshio@imc.hokudai.ac.jp

研究領域

理論言語学、生成文法、情報構造、ゼロ項構文、言語獲得